Major Dams and Hydropower Projects in India- PDF

Major Dams and Hydropower Projects in India
Major Dams and Hydropower Projects in India
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Major Dams and Hydropower Projects in India

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Major Dams in India

The major dams in India have helped the inhabitants in a number of ways like:

  1. Providing adequate water for domestic, industrial, and irrigation purposes.
  2. Hydroelectric power production and river navigation.
  3. These major dams in India and their reservoirs provide recreation areas for fishing and boating.
  4. They have helped in the reduction of floods.

Highlights on some important Dams in India

Highest Dam in India Tehri Dam(Uttarakhand) Height: 260 meters

Length: 575 meters

River: Bhagirathi River

Location: Uttarakhand

Year of completion:2006 (1st phase)

Longest Dam in India Hirakud Dam (Odisha) Total Length: 25.79 km (16.03 mi)

Length of Main Dam:4.8 km (3.0 mi)

River: Mahanadi

Location: Odisha

Year of completion:1953

Oldest Dam in India Kallanai Dam(Tamil Nadu) River: Kaveri

Location: Tamil Nadu

Year of completion: 100 BC –100 AD

List of some Major Dams in India

List Of Major Dams in India State  River 
Bhavani Sagar dam Tamil Nadu Bhavani
Tungabhadra Dam Karnataka Tungabhadra
Rihand Dam Uttar Pradesh Rihand
Maithon Dam Jharkhand Barakar
Koyna Dam Maharastra Koyna
Bisalpur Dam Rajasthan Banas
Mettur Dam Tamil Nadu Kaveri
Krishnarajasagar Dam Karnataka Kaveri
Indira Sagar Dam Madhya Pradesh Narmada
Cheruthoni Dam Kerela Cheruthoni
Sardar Sarovar Dam Gujarat Narmada
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Andhra Pradesh Krishna
Hirakud dam Odisha Mahanadi
Bhakra Nangal Dam Punjab Sutlej
Tehri Dam Uttarakhand Bhagirathi

The details on a few of the Largest Dams in India have been given below:

Tehri Dam

The Tehri Dam is located in the state of Uttarakhand. It is the highest Dam in India with a height of 216 meters. It is also listed in the top ten highest dams in the world. This Dam is situated on the river Bhagirathi.

  • Height of the Dam- 260 m
  • Length of the Dam- 575 m
  • Type of Dam- Rockfill
  • The reservoir capacity- 21,00,000 acre-feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 1000 Megawatt

Bhakra Nangal Dam

The Bhakra Nangal Dam is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. It is the largest dam in India having a height of 225 meters and also in the second position in the largest dams in all over Asia. It is situated on the river Sutlej.

  • Height of the Dam- 226 m
  • Length of the Dam- 520m
  • Type of Dam- Concrete Gravity
  • The reservoir capacity- 75,01,775 acre-feet
  • The capacity that is installed- 1325 Megawatt

Hirakud Dam

The Hirakud Dam is located in the state of Orissa. It is the longest dam in India with a length of 26 km. It is also in the list of the longest dams in the world. The Hirakud Dam is situated on the river Mahanadi.

  • Height of the Dam- 96 m
  • Length of the Dam- 8km
  • Type of Dam- Composite Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 47,79,965 acre-feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 5 Megawatt

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is India’s largest Masonry Dams built till date. It is the largest manmade lake in the world. It has 26 gates and is 1.6 kms in length. It is situated on the river Krishna.

  • Height of the Dam- 124m
  • Length of the Dam- 1450m
  • Type of Dam- Masonry Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 93,71,845 acre-feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 816 Megawatt

Sardar Sarovar Dam

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is located in the state of Gujarat. It is the largest dam in the Narmada Valley Project. This Dam is to benefit the other neighboring states of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Maharashtra. It is situated on the river Narmada River.

  • Height of the Dam- 163m
  • Length of the Dam- 1210m
  • Type of Dam- Gravity Dam
  • The reservoir capacity- 77,01,775 acre-feet
  • Capacity that is installed- 1450 Megawatt

These are the Major Dams and Hydropower Projects in India. There are more dams in India but questions that are asked in the General Awareness section are based on these dams only.

List of Hydro Power Plants in India

  1. Tehri Dam
    1. Operator: THDC Limited, Uttarakhand     
    2. Location: Uttarakhand
  2. Koyna Hydroelectric Project
    1. Operator: MAHAGENCO, Maharashtra State Power Generation Co Ltd.
    2. Location: Maharashtra
  3. Srisailam
    1. Operator: APGENCO     
    2. Location: Andhra Pradesh
  4. Nathpa Jhakri
    1. Operator: Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam   
    2. Location: Himachal Pradesh
  5. Sardar Sarovar Dam
    1. Operator: Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Ltd   
    2. Location: Navagam, Gujarat
  6. Bhakra Nangal Dam (Gobind Sagar)
    1. Operator: Bhakra Beas Management Board        
    2. Location: Sutlej River, Bilaspur – Himachal Pradesh
  7. Chamera I  
    1. Operator: NHPC Limited        
    2. Location: Himachal Pradesh
  8. Sharavathi Project
    1. Operator: Karnataka Power Corporation Limited
    2. Location: Karnataka
  9. Indira Sagar Dam
    1. Operator: Narmada Valley Development Authority       
    2. Location: Madhya Pradesh
  10. Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant
    1. Operator: Jaypee Group         
    2. Location: Himachal Pradesh
  11. Dehar (Pandoh) Power Project
    1. Operator: Bhakra Beas Management Board        
    2. Location: Himachal Pradesh
  12. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Guntur
    1. Operator: Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation Limited 
    2. Location: Andhra Pradesh
  13. Purulia Pass
    1. Operator: West Bengal Electricity Distribution Company       
    2. Location: West Bengal
  14. Idukki
    1. Operator: Kerala State Electricity Board    
    2. Location: Kerala
  15. Salal I & II  
    1. Operator: NHPC Limited        
    2. Location: Jammu & Kashmir
  16. Upper Indravati
    1. Operator: Odisha Hydro Power Corporation       
    2. Location: Orissa
  17. Ranjit Sagar Dam
    1. Operator: Punjab State Power Corporation Limited      
    2. Location: Punjab
  18. Omkareshwar
    1. Operator: Narmada Hydroelectric Development Corporation  
    2. Location: Madhya Pradesh
  19. Belimela Dam
    1. Operator: Odisha Hydro Power Corporation       
    2. Location: Orissa
  20. Teesta Dam
    1. Operator: NHPC Limited       
    2. Location: Sikkim

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