Longest, Largest, Tallest, Biggest & Highest in India- PDF

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Longest, Largest, Tallest, Biggest, Oldest & Highest in India
Longest, Largest, Tallest, Biggest, Oldest & Highest in India
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Longest, Largest, Tallest, Biggest & Highest in India- PDF

India is a vast country with several astounding things to know about. The country is bestowed with diverse features. Before preparing for the Competitive Exam, aspirants should know the important facts related to India. Aspirants should possess a basic knowledge about India like the Longest, Largest, Tallest, Biggest, Smallest, Oldest & Highest in India.

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Longest in India

  • The longest tributary river of India: Yamuna
  • The longest river of the south India: Godavari
  • Longest Electric railway line in India: From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna
  • Longest Road: Grand Trunk Road
  • State with longest coastline in India: Gujarat
  • Longest railway route in India: Dibrugarh in Assam to Kannyakumari in Tamil Nadu (Kanyakumari Vivek Express)
  • Longest Tunnel (by road) – Chenani Nashri tunnel (also known as Patnitop tunnel) (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • Longest railway tunnel: Pir-Panjal Tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • The Longest National Highway: National Highway 44 From Srinagar to Kanyakumari
  • Longest Dam in India: Hirakund Dam (Orissa)
  • Longest River Bridge in India: Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna
  • Longest populated city: Mumbai (1.60 crore)
  • Longest Railway Platform: Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh)
  • Longest river which forms estuary in India: Narmada
  • State with longest coastline of South India: Andhra Pradesh
  • Longest Beach in India: Marina Beach, Chennai
  • The Longest Bridge (on water): Dhola–Sadiya Bridge (on Lohit River)
  • The Longest Glacier: Siachen Glacier (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • The Longest Rail Tunnel: Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • Longest Electric railway line: From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna

Largest in India

  • Largest Delta: Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal
  • Largest Dome: Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka)
  • Largest Zoo (India): Arignar Anna Zoological Park (Chennai, TN)
  • Largest man-made Lake: Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)
  • Largest Desert: Thar (Rajasthan)
  • Largest lake (Fresh water): Wular lake (Kashmir)
  • Largest Mosque: Jama Masjid, Delhi
  • Largest State (Area): Rajasthan
  • Largest cave temple: Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra)
  • Largest animal Fair: Sonepur (Bihar)
  • Largest State (Population): Uttar Pradesh
  • Largest corridor: Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu)
  • Largest cantilever span bride: Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)
  • Largest Stadium: Salt lake (Yuva Bharti), Kolkata
  • Largest Port: Mumbai
  • Largest Gurudwara: Golden Temple, Amritsar
  • Largest River Island: Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam)
  • Largest Planetarium: Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)
  • Largest Lake (Saline water): Chika lake, Orissa
  • Largest (Electorate) Country: India
  • Largest Epic: Mahabharata
  • Largest Cave Temple (Largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples): Kailasa Temple, (Cave 16) Ellora, Maharashtra
  • Largest Artificial Lake: Gobind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Sonebhadra district, Uttar Pradesh)
  • Largest Union Territory: Andaman and Nicobar
  • Largest Museum: Indian Museum (found by Asiatic Society of Bengal, Kolkata)
  • Largest Desert: Thar Desert (also known as the Great Indian Desert; forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan)
  • Largest State in terms of area: Rajasthan
  • Largest forest state: Madhya Pradesh
  • Largest Mosque: Jama Masjid
  • Largest Port: Jawaharlal Nehru Port (also known as Nhava Sheva, located in Maharashtra, Mumbai)
  • Largest Library: National Library of India (Kolkata)
  • Largest Lake of Saline Water: Chilka Lake (Odisha)
  • Largest Delta: Sundarbans (W. Bengal)
  • Largest National Park: Hemis National Park (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • The largest Hindu temple area- Akshardham, Delhi
  • Largest Tribe (ST)- Gond
  • Largest scheduled caste community- Chamar
  • Largest Residence- Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi
  • Largest Concentration of Scheduled Tribes- Madhya Pradesh
  • Largest concentration of Scheduled Caste population- Uttar Pradesh
  • Largest Cinema hall- Thangam (Madurai)
  • Highest precipitation- Mawsynram, Meghalaya
  • Highest literacy rate religion- Jain 94.1%
  • Highest Hydel Power station- Rongton Hydel Project in Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh
  • Highest gateway- Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri near Agra, Built by Akbar (53.5 m/175ft high)
  • First wireless Internet connectivity city- Mysore ,Karnataka

Highest in India

  • The Highest gravity dam (It is one of the largest dams in the world): Bhakra Dam on Sutlej River (Himachal Pradesh)
  • The Highest Lake- Tso Lhamo Lake or Chho Lhamo (Sikkim)
  • The Highest Road: Leh-Manali Highway (Khardung La Pass), Jammu & Kashmir
  • The Highest Airport: Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport (Leh, Jammu & Kashmir)
  • The Highest Plunge Waterfall: Nohkalikai Falls (Meghalaya)
  • Highest award: Bharat Ratna
  • Highest Dam: Tehri Dam (located on Bhagirathi river in Uttarakhand, India)
  • Highest Gallantry Award: Param Veer Chakra
  • Highest Sports Award: Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
  • Highest Airport: Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport (Leh, J&K)
  • Highest Waterfall: Jog Falls, Karnataka
  • Highest Road: Road at Khardungla, (in Leh –Manali Sector)
  • Highest peak: Kangchenjunga
  • Highest Grossing Movie: Dangal (2,024 Crores)
  • Union Territory having the highest literacy rate- Lakshadweep

Biggest in India

  • Biggest Planetarium (also biggest in Asia & second biggest in the world): Birla Planetarium (Kolkata, West Bengal)
  • Biggest Canti lever Bridge: Rabindra Setu or Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)
  • Biggest Stadium: Yuva Bharti (Salt Lake) Stadium Kolkata
  • Biggest Hotel- ITC Grand Chola,Chennai (600 rooms)
  • Busiest airport- Indira Gandhi International Airport Delhi

Tallest in India

  • Tallest Statue- Statue of Liberty (600 feet, also tallest in the world) Vadodara, Gujrat
  • The Tallest Waterfall: Thoseghar waterfalls (Maharashtra)
  • The Tallest Building: The 42 (268m, Kolkata)

Smallest/Lowest in India

  • The Coldest Place (also known as the gateway to Ladakh): Dras (Jammu & Kashmir)
  • The Lowest Region: Kuttanadu (Kerala)
  • Extreme South Point (of Mainland): Cape Comorin (Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu)
  • Extreme South Point: Indira Point (Nicobar Islands)
  • Smallest state by area: Goa (3702 km2)
  • Smallest state by population: Sikkim
  • Smallest Union Territory: Lakshwadeep (32 km2)
  • Rainiest Place: Mausinram (Meghalaya, India)
  • Most Densely Populated State: Bihar
  • The Tallest Dam: Tehri Dam on Bhagirathi River Uttarakhand
  • Deepest river valley – Bhagirathi & Alaknanda
  • Smallest District- Mahe, Puducherry
  • Smallest district- Yanam in population, Puducherry
  • Lowest female literacy rate- Muslim
  • Lowest literacy rate religion- Muslim
  • Lowest population growth rate religion- Sikh

Oldest in Inda

  • Oldest Refinery- Digboi (Asom) it discovered in 1835
  • Oldest Church- Thomas Church at Palayar in Trichur district in Kerala built in 52 AD.
  • Oldest Monastery- Buddhist Monastery situated at an altitude of 3048m/10000 ft at Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Oldest observatory- Jantar Mantar, Delhi
  • Oldest University- University of Calcutta 1857
  • Oldest Zoo- Trivandrum Zoological gardens, Kerala(1859, also Asia’s oldest)
  • Oldest operating port- Syama Prasad Mukherjee Port Trust, Kolkata
  • Oldest and still existing newspaper: Bombay Samachar (Estd. 1822)

Superlatives of the World

The following table enlists the Largest, Longest, Tallest, Highest, Biggest, & Smallest in the world −

What/Which isName/LocationNumeric Value
The Biggest AirportKing Khalid International Airport (Saudi Arabia)Total built up Area – 315 sq. km
The Busiest Airport (by passenger traffic)Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (Georgia, USA)
The Largest CreatureBlue WhaleAverage Mass – 110 Tons & Average Length – 24 Meter
The Largest (Hot) DesertSahara Desert (North Africa)Area – 9,400,000 sq. km
The Tallest DamJinping-I Dam (China)Height – 305 Meters
The Largest IslandGreenlandArea – 2,130,800 sq. km
The Largest TempleAngkor Wat(Angkor, Cambodia)Area – 1,626,000 sq. meters
The Highest Railway StationTanggula Railway Station (Amdo County, Tibet)Altitude – 5,068 Meters
The Busiest (passenger) Railway StationShinjuku R. Station(Tokyo, Japan)
The Largest Railway Station (by platforms)Grand Central Terminal (New York City, USA)No. of Platforms – 44
The Tallest Railway Station (Building)Nagoya Station (Japan)
The Largest StadiumRungrado 1st of May Stadium (Pyongyang, North Korea)Capacity – 150,000 (people) (Earlier it was Czech Republic’s Great Strahov Stadium, but no more in use)
The Longest EpicMahabharata
The Longest Mountain RangeAndres (S. America)Length – 7,000 km
The Longest (Road) HighwayPan-American Highway (Covering North, Central, & South America)Length – 30,000 Km
The Heaviest Terrestrial (on land) AnimalAfrican Bush ElephantMax. Mass – 12.3 Tons
The Heaviest Living Reptile (also the largest living reptile)Saltwater CrocodileMax. Mass – 200 kg
The Heaviest Living BirdCommon OstrichMax Mass – 156.8 kg
The Tallest AnimalGiraffeHeight – 5.5 Meters (Male)
The fastest flying birdPeregrine FalconMax. Air speed – 400 km/h
The Tallest BuildingBurj Khalifa (Dubai, UAE)Height – 829.8 Meters
The Highest SettlementLa Rinconada (Peru)Altitude – 5,100 Meters
The Northernmost City (with more than 100,000 inhabitants)Norilsk (Russia)Coordinates – 69°20′N 88°13′E
The southernmost CityUshuaia (Argentina)Coordinates -54°48′S 68°18′W
The Highest Mt. PeakMount Everest (Himalayan Range)(Nepal)Height – 8848 Meters
The Highest (navigable) LakeLake Titicaca (on the border of Bolivia and Peru)Altitude – 3,812 Meters
The Lowest LakeDead Sea (on the border of West Bank, Israel and Jordan427 Meters Below Sea Level
Deepest LakeBaikal (Russia)Depth – 1,642 Meters
The Largest Fresh Water Lake (by surface area)Lake Superior (on the border of the USA & Canada)Surface Area – 82,100 km
The Largest GulfMexico Gulf (Atlantic Ocean)Surface Area – 1,550,000 sq. km
The Deepest River GorgeKali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi (Nepal)Depth – 5,571 Meter
The Longest RiverNile (North Africa)Length – 6,853 km
The Longest River (by volume water)Amazon River (South America)Length – 6,400 km
The Highest WaterfallAngel Falls (Venezuela)Height – 979 m
Hottest Place in the WorldAzizia (Libya, Africa)
Driest Place in the WorldIqique (In Atacama Desert, Chile)
Coldest Place (Habitated) Verkhoyank (Siberia)
Biggest Palace Vatican (Italy)
Biggest Country(Area) Russia
Biggest City(Area) Mount Isa, Australia
Tallest BuildingBurj, Dubai (UAE)
Largest River Amazon (South America)
Largest Peninsula Arabia
Largest Park Yellow Stone National Park (U.S.A.)
Largest Museum British Museum, London
Largest Island Greenland
Largest Lake (Artificial)  Lake Mead (Boulder Dam)
Largest Dome Astrodome, in Housten (U.S.A.)
Largest Diamond The Cullinan
Largest Dam  Grand Coulee Dam (U.S.A.)
Largest Desert (Asia)Gobi
Largest Desert (World)Sahara (Africa)
Largest City in PopulationTokyo
Longest Railway Station (World)Grand Central Terminal, Chicago (U.S.A.)
Longest Railway(World)Trans-Siberian railway
Longest river (World)Nile

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