Demographic Profile of West Bengal

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Demographic Profile of West Bengal

This is the eleventh topic under the West Bengal Geography Notes for WBCS Module. The links to the previous chapters are listed below:

  1. Introduction to West Bengal Geography
  2. Physiographic divisions of West Bengal
  3. Rivers of West Bengal
  4. Soil and Climate of West Bengal
  5. Mineral Resources of West Bengal
  6. National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in West Bengal
  7. Agriculture in West Bengal
  8. Irrigation and Hydropower Projects in West Bengal
  9. Transport System in West Bengal
  10. Districts of West Bengal

Demographic Profile of West Bengal Free PDF Download for all State Public Service Exams like WBCS, UPSC, other government job exams.

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Demographic Profile of West Bengal PDF Download is provided at the end of this post.

Demographic Profile of West Bengal

Demographic Profile of West Bengal comprises Rural-Urban Population, Population Density, Population Growth, Sex Ratio, Child sex ratio, literacy rate, etc.


* All data as per provisional data of population census 2011.

Literacy rate of West Bengal

  • The average literacy rate of West Bengal is 76.26 percent.
  • The male literacy rate in West Bengal is 81.69 percent.
  • The female literacy rate in West Bengal is 70.54 percent.
  • Total literates in West Bengal are 61,538,281 people.
  • Male literates in West Bengal are 33,818,810.
  • Female literates in West Bengal are 27,719,471.

Density per sq. km. of West Bengal

  • Square Kilometre: Average density of West Bengal is 1,028 per sq. km.
  • The total area of West Bengal is 88,752 square kilometers in census 2011.
  • Square Mile: Average density of West Bengal is 2,664 per sq. mi.

The population of West Bengal

  • The total population of West Bengal in the 2011 census is 9.13 Crore approximately.
  • The actual Population of West Bengal is 91,276,115 as per census 2011.
  • The male Population of West Bengal is 46,809,027.
  • The female Population of West Bengal is 44,467,088.
  • West Bengal’s population is 7.54 percent of the total population of India.

The Sex Ratio of West Bengal

  • The female Sex ratio of West Bengal is 950 females per 1000 males.

Child sex ratio

  • The child sex ratio of West Bengal is 956 females per 1000 males.
  • Children under the age group of 0-6 are considered children.

Population growth rate

  • The population growth rate of West Bengal was 13.84 percent during the 2001-2011 periods.

The total area of West Bengal

  • The total area of West Bengal is 88,752 square kilometers’ in 2011.

Child population of West Bengal

  • The child Population (0-6) of West Bengal is 10,581,466.
  • Male Child Population in West Bengal is 5,410,396.
  • The female Child Population in West Bengal is 5,171,070.

West Bengal Religious Data

  • Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of West Bengal with 70.54 % followers.
  • Islam is the second most popular religion in the state of West Bengal with approximately 27.01 % following it.
  • In West Bengal state, Christianity is followed by 0.72 %, Jainism by 0.07 %, Sikhism by 0.07 %, and Buddhism by 0.07 %.
  • Around 1.03 % stated ‘Other Religion’; approximately 0.25 % stated ‘No Particular Religion’.

West Bengal Rural v/s Urban Population 2011

Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 68.13 % 31.87 %
Total Population 62,183,113 29,093,002
Male Population 31,844,945 14,964,082
Female Population 30,338,168 14,128,920
Population Growth 7.68 % 29.72 %
Sex Ratio 953 944
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 959 947
Child Population (0-6) 7,820,710 2,760,756
Child Percentage (0-6) 12.58 % 9.49 %
Literates 39,213,779 22,324,502
Average Literacy 72.13 % 84.78 %
Male Literacy 78.44 % 88.37 %
Female Literacy 61.98 % 76.01 %

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Next: Schemes of West Bengal Government

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