Current Affairs PDF Download: August 2021

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Top Current Affairs of the Month: August 2021


4 more sites in India were added to the Ramsar list

  • Four more wetlands from India have been added to the list of Ramsar sites, giving it the status of ‘Wetland of International Importance.’
  • With this, the total number of Ramsar sites in India has reached 46, covering a surface area of 1,083,322 hectares.
  • These sites are:
    • Thol, Gujarat
    • Wadhwana, Gujarat
    • Sultanpur, Haryana
    • Bhindawas, Haryana
  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an inter-governmental treaty adopted on February 2, 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar, on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. It came into force for India on February 1, 1982.

Mahatma Gandhi to be given the US Congressional Gold Medal

  • An influential US lawmaker from New York reintroduced a resolution in the US House of Representatives to posthumously award the prestigious Congressional Gold Medal to Mahatma Gandhi in recognition of his promotion of peace and nonviolence.
  • The Congressional Gold Medal is the highest civilian award in the United States. Gandhi would be the first Indian to receive a Congressional Gold Medal.

Other Notable mentions:

  • Dr. Cyrus Poonawalla, Chairman of the Pune-based vaccine maker Serum Institute of India (SII), has been selected for the prestigious Lokmanya Tilak National Award for 2021.
  • Nagaland has been conferred with seven national awards on the first Van Dhan Annual Awards 2020-21, during the celebration of the 34th foundation day of the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED).
  • The Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport in New Delhi has found a place among the world’s top 50 best airports in the 2021 Skytrax World Airport Awards. The Hamad International Airport in Doha, Qatar, has been named the “Best Airport in the World”
  • Dr. Basant Kumar Misra has been conferred the prestigious American Association of Neurological Surgeons’ ‘International Lifetime Achievement Award in Neurosurgery’


Shri Deepak Das takes charge as new Controller General of Accounts (CGA)

  • Shri Deepak Das, a 1986-batch Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) officer, is appointed by the Government of India as the Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, with effect from August 1, 2021.
  • Vice Admiral SN Ghormade has assumed charge as the Vice Chief of Naval Staff at a formal ceremony in New Delhi.
  • Maharashtra Governor, Bhagat Singh Koshyari has approved the appointment of retired Bombay high court judge Justice V M Kanade as the new Lokayukta of Maharashtra, on the advice of the chief minister Uddhav Thackeray.
  • The Indian government approved the appointment of Dr. Dhriti Banerjee as the director of the Zoological Survey of India.
  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has extended the term of service of Rajiv Gauba, as the Cabinet Secretary of India, for a further period of one year.
  • The Government of India has given a three-year extension to Rekha Sharma as Chairperson of the National Commission for Women (NCW).
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has started a public awareness campaign to warn people against digital banking frauds. For the new campaign, RBI has roped in Olympic Gold medalist Neeraj Chopra.
  • Kamlesh Kumar Pant, a 1993-batch IAS officer of Himachal Pradesh cadre, has been appointed as the new chairman of National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) by the Appointments Committee of the Union Cabinet.
  • Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare, Mansukh Mandaviya has taken over charge as the Chairperson of Stop TB Partnership Board.
  • Union Home Ministry appointed Pankaj Kumar Singh as the new Director-General of Border Security Force.
  • Adidas has roped in Tokyo Olympic Silver medalist Mirabai Chanu as the face of its ”Stay in Play” campaign for the latest product innovation designed to keep more menstruating women in sports.


World’s highest motorable road at 18,600 ft inaugurated in Ladakh

  • Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has constructed and black-topped the highest road in the world at Umlingla Pass in Eastern Ladakh.
  • The highest motorable road in the world is situated at an altitude of 19,300 feet. This is higher than the base camps of Mount Everest.
  • The road itself is a 52-km long tarmac stretch through Umlingla Pass, connecting important towns in the Chumar sector of Eastern Ladakh

KVIC’s Unique Plastic-Mixed Handmade Paper gets Patent for Invention to Recycle Waste Plastic

  • The innovative plastic-mixed handmade paper developed by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) to curb plastic pollution is now a patented invention. The handmade paper was developed under Project REPLAN (Reducing Plastic from Nature), launched in 2018 as KVIC’s commitment towards Swacch Bharat Abhiyan.
  • The patent is issued for 20 years under the Patents Act,1970

India’s first cattle genomic chip ‘IndiGau’ launched in Telangana

  • Dr. Jitendra Singh has released India’s first cattle genomic chip ‘IndiGau’ for the conservation of pure varieties of indigenous cattle breeds like, Gir, Kankrej, Sahiwal, Ongole

India to take over as President of UNSC on August 1

  • India took over from France to assume the presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) for the month of August 2021.
  • This is the first presidency for India during its 2021-22 tenure as a non-permanent member of the UNSC.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be the first Indian PM to preside over a meeting of the UNSC.
  • The theme of the high-level open debate was ‘Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation

Other notable mentions:

  • The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has given a name to India’s complex mission of evacuating its citizens from war-torn Afghanistan, as ‘Operation Devi Shakti’.
  • The world’s highest movie theatre has recently been inaugurated in Ladakh, which got its first-ever mobile digital movie theatre in the Paldan area of Leh, at an altitude of 11,562 feet.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has dedicated to the nation the renovated complex of Jallianwala Bagh Smarak in Punjab’s Amritsar, to mark 102 years of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
    • The historic garden is a memorial of national importance, preserved in the memory of countless revolutionaries, sacrificers, fighters, who were killed in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, which occurred on the festival of Baisakhi on 13 April 1919.
  • India’s Chandrayaan-2 moon mission may have made a hard landing on the lunar surface in 2019, but the orbiter accompanying it has been providing useful information to scientists back on Earth. A research paper revealed that the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter confirmed the presence of water molecules (H2O) and hydroxyl (OH) on the surface of the moon. The findings were published in the journal Current Science.
  • IIT Madras has developed India’s first indigenous motorized wheelchair vehicle named ‘NeoBolt’, which can be used not only on roads but even on uneven terrains.
  • Meenakshi Lekhi, the Minister of State for Culture of India participated in the G20 Culture Ministers’ Meeting on behalf of the Government of India.
  • The Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju has virtually attended the eighth meeting of Ministers of Justice of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
  • India organized the IBSA (India, Brazil, and South Africa) Tourism Ministers’ meeting through the virtual platform. The Union Minister of Tourism of India, Shri G. Kishan Reddy, chaired the meeting.


West Bengal receives four SKOCH awards for its schemes under the Ease of Doing Business initiative

  • The Government of West Bengal has received four SKOCH awards for its schemes under the Ease of Doing Business initiative.
  • The State scheme ‘Silpasathi’-the online single window portal won the platinum award while the Auto-Renewal of Certificate of Enlistment through an online system for urban areas has received the gold award.
  • Online issuance of trade licenses in rural areas and the E-Nathikaran: the online system for registration, preparation, and submission of deeds has won two silver awards.

Other Notable mentions:

  • Karnataka has become the first state in the country to issue the order with regard to the implementation of the National Education Policy 2020. The state government has issued an order on the implementation of NEP-2020 with effect from the current academic year 2021-2022.
  • The All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS), New Delhi has become the first hospital in India to house a fire station inside the hospital premises, to meet any emergency.
  • In Jammu and Kashmir, Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha has unveiled a mobile application named PROOF, to bring more transparency and accountability in the governance system. PROOF stands for ‘Photographic Record of On-site Facility’.
  • Arvind Kejriwal inaugurated the Country’s First Smog Tower, at Baba Kharak Singh Marg, Connaught Place.
  • NTPC has commissioned the largest floating solar PV project in India of 25MW power on the reservoir of its Simhadri thermal station in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
  • ‘Pani Maah’ or water month has been launched in Ladakh to inform villagers about the importance of clean water.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor, Manoj Sinha has inaugurated the Bungus Awaam Mela with grand arrangements for village games, exhilarating local performances, and other activities to celebrate the 75th year of Independence at Bungus valley in Kupwara district.
  • Kaziranga National Park (KNP) in Assam has become the first national park in India to be equipped with satellite phones.
  • India’s cleanest city, Indore in Madhya Pradesh, has achieved another feat of being declared as the country’s first ‘water plus’ certified city, under the Swachh Survekshan 2021.
  • Bhubaneswar has become the first Indian city to achieve 100 percent COVID-19 vaccination.


  • The Chief of the Myanmar military, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing has taken over as the interim prime minister of the country by overthrowing Aung San Suu Kyi’s ruling party.
  • A 19-year old Pakistani climber Shehroze Kashif became the youngest person in the world to reach the summit of K2 (9,611-metre), the second-highest peak in the world.
  • Germany became the 5th country to sign the International Solar Alliance Framework
  • The Pakistan Army successfully test-fired a nuclear-capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile Ghaznavi.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) has created a new advisory group named, The International Scientific Advisory Group for Origins of Novel Pathogens, or SAGO.
    • The function of SAGO will be to systematically study the emergence of future emerging pathogens with pandemic potential, and advise the development in this regard to WHO.
  • The world’s largest and tallest observation wheel is set to be unveiled in Dubai, UAE on October 21, 2021. The observation wheel called ‘Ain Dubai’, is 250 m (820 ft) in height, located at Bluewaters Island.
  • The armed force of the country China, Pakistan, Mongolia, and Thailand will take part in a multinational peacekeeping exercise named “Shared Destiny-2021”.


  • Lionel Messi joined star-packed Paris St Germain (PSG) after leaving Barcelona, the club where he had begun, after 21 years.
  • India’s Sumit Antil has won the gold medal in the men’s javelin throw F64 final event at the Tokyo Paralympics, and in the process set a new world record throw of 68.55m. The 23-year-old Sumit hails from Sonepat in
  • Esteban Ocon, of France, has won the Hungarian Grand Prix 2021.
  • Max Verstappen (Red Bull – Netherlands) has been declared the winner of the Belgian Grand Prix 2021.
  • Sri Lanka left-arm seam bowling all-rounder, Isuru Udana has announced his retirement from international cricket
  • United States clinched an exhilarating 1-0 extra-time win over defending champion Mexico to claim a seventh CONCACAF Gold Cup.
  • Union Minister for Youth Affairs and Sports, Anurag Singh Thakur launched the theme song for the Indian Paralympic contingent titled “Kar De Kamaal Tu”. The composer and singer of the song is Sanjeev Singh, a Divyang cricket player from Lucknow.
  • Indian men’s hockey team defeated Germany to win their first-ever Olympic medal in 41 years. Before this podium finish for bronze, India last climbed up the Olympic podium in 1980, when it won its 8th gold at the Games
  • Shooter Avani Lekhara has scripted history as she became the first Indian woman to win a gold medal at the Paralympics, firing her way to the top of the podium in the R-2 women’s 10m Air Rifle Standing SH1 event.
  • James Anderson overtook Anil Kumble’s tally of 619 Test wickets to become the third-highest wicket-taker in Test cricket.
  • Durand Cup, Asia’s oldest and world’s third oldest football tournament, is all set to make a comeback, after a year’s gap. The 130th edition of the Durand Cup is scheduled to be held in Kolkata.
  • World Cup-winning U19 India captain, Unmukt Chand has announced his retirement from cricket in India.
  • The 20-year-old Chess player Harshit Raja from Pune, Maharashtra has become the 69th Grandmaster of India in Chess
  • The Odisha government will sponsor the Indian Hockey teams for 10 more years after the current sponsorship ends in 2023, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik announced.
  • The 2021 edition of the World Athletics U20 Championships has been started in Nairobi, Kenya
  • Mariyappan Thangavelu, 2016 Rio Paralympic Games gold medalist will be replaced by Asian Games gold medalist Tekchand as the new flagbearer of India at the opening ceremony
  • South African cricketer Dale Steyn has announced his retirement from all forms of cricket.
  • Indian all-rounder cricketer, Stuart Binny has announced his retirement from all forms of cricket on August 30, 2021.


  • India is ranked 122nd on a new Global Youth Development Index 2020, released by the Commonwealth Secretariat in London.
    • Singapore ranked topmost followed by Slovenia, Norway, Malta, and Denmark.
    • Chad, South Sudan, Afghanistan, and Niger came last respectively
  • Uttar Pradesh’s Ghaziabad was adjudged the second most polluted city out of the 50 ‘most polluted cities in the world in 2020 by a report prepared by British company HouseFresh.
    • Preceding Ghaziabad, the Chinese city of Hotan in Xinjiang province has been named the most polluted city.
    • According to the report, Bangladesh was the most polluted country across the world in 2020, followed by Pakistan, India, and Mongolia.
    • Meanwhile, Judbury in Australia bagged the top position.
  • Apple is the world’s most valuable company (USD 2,443 billion) according to the Hurun Global 500 Most Valuable Companies list 2021.
  • Reliance Industries (USD 188 billion) ranked at 57 is the top Indian company on the list.
  • Copenhagen, the capital city of Denmark, has been named as the world’s safest city released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).
    • New Delhi and Mumbai have found a place in the index. New Delhi is placed at 48th position, while Mumbai is at 50th
    • Yangon of Myanmar is at the bottom of the index, as a least safe city.


  • Renowned novelist Kunal Basu’s new work of fiction, In An Ideal World, will be released next year, Penguin Random House India (PRHI) announced.
  • A new book titled “Balakot Air Strike: How India Avenged Pulwama”, published by Garuda Prakashan, is written by Navy veteran Manan Bhatt.
  • Veteran actor Shabana Azmi has launched the book titled “The Year That Wasn’t – The Diary of a 14- Year-Old”, which is penned by Kolkata girl Brisha Jain.
  • A book titled “How the Earth Got Its Beauty” authored by Sudha Murty,
  • A book titled “The Earthspinner” authored by award-winning novelist Anuradha Roy.
  • CDS General Bipin Rawat was presented a book “OPERATION KHUKRI” by authors Major General Rajpal Punia & Ms. Damini Punia. The book highlights the Indian Army’s successful rescue mission in Sierra Leone as part of the United Nations.


RBI announces its bi-monthly monetary policy

  • The Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) rate and bank rates remain unchanged:
    • Policy Repo Rate: 4.00%
    • Reverse Repo Rate: 3.35%
    • Marginal Standing Facility Rate: 4.25%
    • Bank Rate: 4.25%
    • CRR: 4%
    • SLR: 18.00%
  • Governor of the Reserve Bank of India – Chairperson, ex officio: Shri Shaktikanta Das.
  • Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, in charge of Monetary Policy– Member, ex officio: Dr. Michael Debabrata Patra.


Tokyo Olympics 2020 Closing Ceremony Highlights

  • This was for the fourth time that Japan hosted the Olympic Games, after previously hosting the Tokyo 1964 (Summer), Sapporo 1972 (Winter), and Nagano 1998 (Winter) games. Apart from this, Tokyo is the first Asian city to hold the Summer Games twice.
  • Medal Tally: The United States has topped the overall medal table with 113 medals, which includes 39 Gold, 41 Silver, and 33 Bronze Medal.
  • Indian Contingent managed to win 7 medals comprising 1 Gold, 2 Silver, and 4 Bronze Medals. The country stood at the 48th position in the medal table out of 86 countries.
  • India finished the Games with its best-ever Olympic medal tally of 7 in Tokyo Games 2020, surpassing the previous best record of 6 medals at the 2012 London Olympics.
  • MC Mary Kom, and men’s hockey team skipper, Manpreet Singh, were flag-bearers for the Indian contingent at the opening ceremony.
  • Bronze-medalist Bajrang Punia was the flag-bearer at the closing ceremony of the event.
  • Indian Medal Winners List
  • Gold
    • Men’s Javelin Throw: Neeraj Chopra
  • Silver
    • Women’s 49kg Weightlifting: Mirabai Chanu
    • Men’s Freestyle 57kg Wrestling: Ravi Dahiya
  • Bronze
    • Women’s Welterweight boxing: Lovlina Borgohain
    • Women’s Singles Badminton: PV Sindhu
    • Men’s 65kg Freestyle Wrestling: Bajrang Punia
    • Men’s hockey: India men’s hockey team

Khel Ratna Award renamed as Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award

  • Major Dhyan Chand, whose birthday is celebrated as National Sports Day, won three Olympic golds for the country in Hockey.
  • About the award: The award was inaugurated in 1991-92, the award comprises a medallion, a certificate, and a cash prize of ₹ 25 lakh.
  • The first recipient of the Khel Ratna was chess legend, Viswanathan Anand.
  • Deepa Malik, the first Indian woman to win a medal in Paralympics, was conferred the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.


  • The World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is marked every year in the first week of August, between 1 to 7 August, to raise awareness on the importance of breastfeeding for mothers and infants.
    • The theme of the World Breastfeeding Week 2021 is “Protect Breastfeeding: A Shared Responsibility”. The annual week is organized by WABA, WHO, and UNICEF since 1991.
  • In India, “Muslim Women’s Rights Day” is celebrated across the nation on August 01 to celebrate the enactment of the law against Triple Talaq.
    • The first Muslim Women’s Rights Day was observed in 2020.
    • The Government of India enacted the law against Triple Talaq on August 01, 2019, to make the social malpractice of Triple Talaq a criminal offense.
  • Annually 6th of August marks the anniversary of the atomic bombing in Hiroshima during World War II.
    • The horrific incident took place on August 6, 1945, when the United States dropped an atomic bomb named “Little Boy”, on the town of Hiroshima in Japan.
    • This bomb attack was done with the motive to end the Second World War in 1945.
    • This day is remembered to promote peace and spread awareness about the danger of nuclear energy and nuclear weapons. 2021 marks the 76th anniversary of the world’s first atomic bombing.
  • The 79th anniversary of the August Kranti Din or Quit India Movement, which is considered as one of the important milestones in the history of the freedom struggle of our country, is being observed on 8 August 2021.
    • On 8 Aug 1942, Mahatma Gandhi gave a clarion call to end British rule and launched the Quit India Movement at the session of the All-India Congress Committee in Mumbai.
  • United Nations observes the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples on 09th August every year.
    • The theme for 2021 is “Leaving no one behind: Indigenous peoples and the call for a new social contract.”
  • Japan commemorates the 9th of August every year as Nagasaki day.
    • On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan. It was code-named “Fat Man” due to the design of the bomb as it had a wide, round shape. This happened 3 days after dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima.
  • World Lion Day is observed globally on August 10 every year.
  • The International Youth Day is observed on August 12 annually to draw the attention of governments and others towards youth issues worldwide.
  • World Organ Donation Day is celebrated every year on August 13.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi has declared that August 14 will be observed as ‘Partition Horrors Remembrance Day’ or ‘Vibhajan Vibhishika Smriti Diwas’, in memory of people’s struggles and sacrifices during the partition of the country in 1947.
  • World Photography Day is celebrated on 19 August every year.
  • World Mosquito Day is observed on 20 August annually to raise awareness about the causes of malaria and how it can be prevented.
  • Every year India observes Sadbhavana Diwas on August 20 to commemorate the birth anniversary of late erstwhile Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi.
    • This year on 20th August 2021, we are going to celebrate the 77th birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
    • The Indian National Congress instituted Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award in 1992, a year after his death.
  • Akshay Urja Diwas (Renewable Energy Day) is observed every year on 20 August to raise awareness about the developments and adoption of renewable energy in India.
  • World Senior Citizen Day is observed globally on August 21 every year.
  • In 2021, India is observing the Sanskrit Week from August 19 to August 25, 2021, to promote, popularise and cherish the importance of ancient language.
    • In 2021, Sanskrit Day will be celebrated on August 22, 2021. The day is celebrated on the full moon day of the month of Shravan, which also marks the occasion of Raksha Bandhan each year
  • Women Equality Day is celebrated annually on August 26. It is celebrated to make the anniversary of the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution giving women the right to vote.
  • The International Day against Nuclear Tests is observed globally on 29th August.
  • Every year, 29th August has been observed as National Sports Day in India. The first National Sports Day was celebrated on 29th August 2012, on the birth anniversary of Major Dhyan Chand who was the star of the hockey team of India.


Eminent Bengali writer Buddhadeb Guha has passed away.

  • Buddhadeb Guha the author of many notable works such as “Madhukari” (Honey Gatherer), “Koeler Kachhe” (Near the Koel bird) and “Sobinoy Nibedon” (Humble Offering).
  • He also won several awards including Ananda Purashkar in 1976, Shiroman Purashkar and Sharat Puraskar.

Noted Kerala Cartoonist, sculptor, and folk singer, P.S. Banerji has passed away.

  • A recipient of the Lalithakala Akademi Fellowship, Banerji was noted for his Ayyankali and Buddha sculptures at Venganur and Koduman.

Eminent India-international footballer Chinmoy Chatterjee has passed away.

  • Eminent India-international footballer Chinmoy Chatterjee, who played for the three Maidan heavyweights in his prime in the 1970-80s, has passed away.
  • He was a member of the Indian team at the 1978 Bangkok Asian Games where they finished fourth in the quarterfinal league.

Maki Kaji, the creator of the puzzle Sudoku passed away

  • Maki Kaji, the creator of the puzzle Sudoku passed away at the age of 69 years due to bile duct cancer. He was known as the father of Sodoku and was from Japan.

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